Panchang

One of the most vital aspects of Vedic Astrology, a Hindu Panchang, is a Hindu calendar that comprises five aspects taken into consideration by astrologers in India to predict and calculate auspicious dates and timings as per planetary positions. In other words, the Hindu Panchang calendar is analysed to know the dates and timings for certain celebrations or tasks.

Based on the calculation of the five aspects of the Panchangam, the Muhurat is determined.

Sun & Moon Calculations

Sunrise Sunrise 06:12:18 AM
Sunset Sunset 06:12:33 PM
Moonrise Moonrise 07:19:56 AM
Moonset Moonset 07:12:02 PM

Auspicious/ Inauspicious Time

Abhijeet Muhurat 11:48 AM - 12:36 PM
GuliKaal 12:12:25 PM - 01:42:27 PM
Rahukaal 03:12:29 PM - 04:42:31 PM
Yamghant kaal 09:12:22 AM - 10:42:24 AM

Panchang

Tithi Shukla Pratipada till 03:09:14 AM
Nakshatra Hast till 06:17:05 AM
Yog Brahma till 06:43:48 AM
Karan Bava till 03:07:14 AM

Hindu Calendar

Vikram Samvat 2079
Shaka Samvat 1944
Disha Shool NORTH
Ayana Dakshinayana
Moon Sign Virgo
Sun Sign Virgo

What is Panchang in Astrology?

  • The Hindu religion in India has a unique calendar that reads the positions and placements of celestial bodies. For example, a Panchangam calendar is an accumulation of various lunisolar calendars. As per Hindu astrology, the Panchang or Panchangam enlists a record of significant and promising dates, timings, periods, and other astrological data.
  • The method of timekeeping is static but can differ depending on the Moon and Sun Cycle, the name of the months, and the beginning of the New Year.
  • The word Panchang or Panchangam derives from Sanskrit and comprises two words. 'Panch' means five, and 'Ang' or 'Angam' means limbs or body parts. So, Panchang translates to 'Five Limbs'.

Why is Panchang Important?

  • Astrologers widely believe that a Panchang is a highly significant part of astrology.
  • Before undertaking any auspicious task, celebration, or puja, One should consult today's panchang calendar to analyse a favourable date and time for the successful event completion.
  • A Panchang is crucial because it helps us avoid obstacles or challenges by adhering to auspicious timings.

What are the Five Aspects of a Hindu Panchang?

The five elements of types of panchangam are:

  • Vaar (Day of the Week): Any Panchang follows the seven-day week and designates auspicious events, dates, timings, and occasions based on it.
  • Tithi (Lunar Day): A tithi in astrology refers to the placement or position of the Moon in the Shukla Paksha or the waxing phase, or the Krishna Paksha or the waning phase. In either condition, a Tithi is named after the Avastha or the state of the Moon. There are about fourteen Tithis in both the cycles of the Moon, between Amavasya and Purnima. In a month, each Tithi occurs twice. Thus, every month has two Ashtamis, two Ekadashis, and so on. Interestingly, the Moon is quite different on both evenings because of the difference in Paksha.
  • Nakshatra (Lunar Formation): Our universe is divided into twelve Zodiac Signs. According to Vedic Astrology, Nakshatras are a group of twenty-seven stars that form a zodiac sign. These Nakshatras are analysed as per the position of the Moon. one can find "what is today's nakshatra" answers updated on a real-time basis at InstaAstro.
  • Yoga (Luni-Solar Day): Yoga is determined by calculating the sum of the Longitude of the Moon and Sun and dividing it into twenty-seven parts in 13°20'.
  • Karana (Half-Lunar Day): The half of a Yoga is a Karana, and two Karanas make a Tithi. There are eleven Karanas, where four of them are fixed, and the remaining seven are not.

Before starting any task, checking the Panchang of the particular day would be best. For example, if you wish to know the lucky timings of a specific day, you will refer to the 'Today Panchang' or "tomorrow panchang" section on that day. This will help you answer your question, "What is today's Tithi?".

What is Muhurat?

The muhurat is the most advantageous moment to carry out or begin an event so that the work is completed without difficulty. A shubh muhurat assists in focusing the planetary energy and other favourable astrological variables in order to counteract unfavourable effects and provide the most profitable outcome for the activity undertaken. However, the event's timing may be managed. Essentially, an event's time determines its future since it determines when it began. Any job started during a Shubh Muhurat has a higher chance of success. A muhurat can help you align your efforts with nature's ones and raise your likelihood of succeeding.

One must look at "today's muhurat" before starting something important.

What are the two following systems of Lunar Months?

There are two followed Lunar Months' systems in India: the Amanta or Sukladi System and the Purnimanta System.

  • The Amanta system relates to when the New Moon ends.
  • The Purnimanta System relates to when the Full Moon is hidden until the next.

Here are the lunar and solar months of the year:

Lunar Month - Solar Month

  • Chitta - Chaitra
  • Visaka - Vaishaka
  • Jyeshta - Jyeshta
  • Poorvashada - Ashada
  • Sravana - Shravana
  • Poorvabhadra - Bhadrapada
  • Ashwini - Aswija
  • Kartika - Kartika
  • Mrigashira - Margashira
  • Pushyami - Pushya
  • Makha - Magha
  • Uttaraphalguni - Phalguna

Role of Moon in Panchang

The solar year, which the Hindu faith uses to measure time, is defined as the 365 and one-fourth day it takes the earth to make one complete revolution of the Sun. But more crucially, the majority of assumptions are dependent on how the Moon orbits the earth. As a result, this plan falls short of the 365-day solar year by around seven days.

Consequently, this approach contrasts with the solar calendar in some ways. By adding a month once every three years, this is corrected. We refer to this as Loonth or Adhik, or Purushottam Maas. Adhik Mass alternates between the other months, occurring roughly every 32.5 months. Adhik, also known as the month of Purushottam, Bhagwan, is seen as being more prosperous. Those who practise extra charity, devotion, and penance throughout this month get an endless blessing from God and have their sins forgiven. Consider planning lucky events like weddings throughout this month.

After doing this, the calendar will align with the Ayanas or the Sun's path.

How do Panchang's calculations work?

  • The period of interval between the two sunrises is known as a day or solar day. As a result, according to the Panchang, the day begins with dawn and finishes with another sunrise.
  • However, according to the Gregorian calendar, a day begins at 12:00 pm. The interval between the two moonrises is known as the Thiti in the Hindu calendar, known as the Panchang.
  • Also, with titles of the months showing the Moon's journey through several zodiacs, Panchang calculates time according to the lunar month system.
  • The new month begins on New Moon Day (Amavasya). Shukla paksha, or perhaps the waxing phase, denotes the very first part of the lunar month, whereas Krishna Paksha, or the declining stage, denotes the second.

What are the Tithis in a Lunar Month?

There are thirty Tithis in a Lunar Month, and it is said that each Tithi gets completed when the Moon gains twelve degrees, or its multiples, of the Sun. Tithis are further classified into five groups which are quite significant when making predictions. Here are the five groups of Tithis:

  • Nanda (Ananda or Happy) Tithi: Pratipada (1st), Shashti (6th), Ekadashi (11th)
  • Bhadra (Arogya or Healthy) Tithi: Dwitya (2nd), Saptami (7th), Dwadashi (12th)
  • Jaya (Victory or Winning) Tithi: Tuesday- Tritiya (3rd), Ashtami (8th), Trayodashi (13th)
  • Rikhta (Nashta or Loss) Tithi: Saturday- Chaturthi (4th), Navami (9th), Chaturdashi (14th)
  • Poorna (Sampoorna or Full or New Moon) Tithi: Thursday- Panchami (5th), Dashami (10th), Amavasya (New Moon) or Purnima.

Seasons according to Panchang

The summer and winter solstices, which determine the six seasons in a traditional year, are significant dates in the Hindu calendar. For example, the Dakshinayana, or southern path of the Sun, lasts from June 21 to December 21, during which the days progressively smaller and quicker until December, when they are at their shortest.

Between December 21 through June 21, while the Uttarayana, or northern path of the Sun, continues, the length of the day extends, reaching its maximum in June. When the Sun hits the equinox two times a year, day and night are of equal length. The Vernal Equinox on March 20 is the first point (Vasant Sampat). The second date is September 22, which is known as the Autumnal Equinox (Sharad Sampat).

Seasons (Ritu) Months as per Hindu calendar Months (in English)
Vasanta Chitra- Vaisakha March-April
Grishma Jyastha- Ashadha May-June
Varsha Sravana- Bhadra July-August
Sharada Ashvini- Kartika September-October
Hemanta Margashirsa-Pausa November-December
Shishira Magha-Phalguna January-February

What are some benefits and uses of the Panchangam?

Here are some advantages of referring to a Panchang:

  • Astrologers cannot create a horoscope without consulting a Panchang.
  • The calculations and readings help us decide on the lucky prospects of a day.
  • You can successfully undertake any task or celebration after consulting a Panchang.
  • E-Panchang sites are pretty popular these days for providing accurate Panchang in just a click. This ensures easy accessibility.
  • You can avoid unlucky Muhurats such as Sade Sati or Rahu Kaal.
  • You can find remedies to alleviate the unfavourable outcomes of Yoga through a Panchangam.

Is Panchang easily understandable?

One need not be a numerologist or astrologer to understand Panchang. Any average person will be able to calculate Panchang, and it happens in the majority of Indian households daily. The ability to perform simple mathematical calculations is crucial for understanding Panchang.

However, astrologers have created the Panchang with great accuracy and precision for the benefit of any average person. One may read and comprehend Panchang with the use of Panchang and a basic understanding of mathematics. Panchang may be used to determine the planets' effects on him, including whether they are favourable or unfavourable. Simple people may undoubtedly rely on Panchang to learn about the Phalita, even if an in-depth reading of Panchang is the sole province of an astrologer and specialist in Shastras.

Difference between Samvat and Samvatsara

The phrases Samvat and Samvatsara are frequently misunderstood concerning the Panchang as well as the New Year. Samvat is an era, and Samvatsara is a 60-year Jupiter loop. Similar to how the Gregorian calendar utilises the Common Era, some Indian calendar systems employ the age or Samvat to offer a historical reference. Vikramaditya was crowned as king of Ujjain during the Vikrama period.

Importance of daily panchang

Comparing panchang projections to Hindu calendar zodiac signs, the former is much more accurate. Sometimes, they are more accurate than zodiac signs. The Panchang informs you of the perfect days for trips and other significant life pursuits. Only with the aid of Panchang may you precisely plan your interview, vacations, purchases, and favourable times to begin certain vital chores, holidays, and pujas.

The Panchang may determine whether a day is lucky and whether it is suitable for a particular purpose based on the Vara, Thithi, Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana. Due to this, days are given the names Amruta, Dharma, Marana, and Shubha. Consequently, Panchang has, in many respects, become an essential component of Hinduism.

InstaAstro panchang has been specially crafted with the contribution of various professional astrologers, ensuring the official Panchang Calendar is followed every year. You can consult our epanchang or today's Lagna chart, Astro panchang and today's Tithi as per Hindu calendar sections. You can also find:

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  • today's Tithi, as per the Hindu calendar
  • best muhurat today
  • paksha today
  • panchang horoscope
  • Hindu calendar tomorrow
  • auspicious tithis
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  • Hindu calendar zodiac signs
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Origin and significance of a Panchang calendar

Panchangs are published by various authors and established astrologers in India; several Universities publish the Panchang calendar, which is to be used by ordinary people, priests and astrologers across the country.

Making a Panchang calendar is a complex process as it requires Mathematical calculations and in-depth knowledge of spherical geometry. It also requires the Vedic and Sanskritic understanding of various events such as Ekadashi, Purnima etc.

The making of a Panchang dates back to several hundred years when the Vedic sages used their mathematical brains to calculate the planetary positions and draft a Panchang every day. Some of the Panchang calendars are also prepared for 365 days in which a year-long of predictions are mentioned. India has also witnessed the submission of Panchang calendars that gives us the projections for 600 years.

Attributes of a Panchang:

According to Vedic astrology, five main attributes of the day are used to make a Panchang Calendar; let us discuss them in detail.

  • Tithi : According to astrology, a Tithi is a time the Moon takes to move 12 degrees ahead of the Sun. In Hindu astrology, This is calculated based upon the Shukla Paksha and the Krishna Paksha. Therefore, one Tithi equals 12 degrees difference between the Sun and the Moon.
  • Nakshatra : It is the stellar mansion in which the Moon is located at the Earth's centre for an observer. There is a star cluster in the sky circle that is called Nakshatra. It consists of 27 Nakshatras, and these Nakshatras own nine planets. One Nakshatra equals 13 degrees: 20 minutes and 27 nakshatras in 360 degrees.
  • Yuga : This is the end of the angular relationship between the Sun and the Moon during the day. 1 Yuga is equal to 13 degrees, and there are a total of 27 Yoga in 360 degrees
  • Karana : Ending moment of half of a Tithi. One Karaṇa equals a 6-degree difference between Moon and Sun.
  • Var : The seven weekdays. Var or solar days do not involve intricate computations, unlike the ending moment of Radi. In Hindu astrology, var is the name given to the solar days. Each vaar is influenced by the planet associated with it.

The Panchang holds great importance in Hindu astrology as it is calculated with the help of the c knowledge and solid mathematical concepts. In India, a national Panchang committee declares the official Panchang calendar every year to maintain The authenticity of the events and information.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Panchang is a calendar used in Vedic astrology that helps the astrologers determine auspicious dates and periods to do essential activities such as travelling, business meetings and puja etc.
Panchang means panch(five) angas and the five attributes of Panchang in Astrology are Vaar, Thithi, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana.
A Tithi is the time duration and it varies as per planetary situation. It is approximately of 19 to 24 hours.